Phonics - Read, Write Inc
What is phonics?
Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully. They are taught how to:
recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes;
identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make - such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo’; and
blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.
Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.
Read Write Inc.
At Linaker we use Read Write Inc to help children learn to read. It has been used for many years in schools and has supported children to enjoy reading and make good progress. RWi also helps children to talk about and understand what they have read. Reading helps children develop their vocabulary and learn new things independently. We want all children to enjoy reading. Children will be taught in mixed groups by trained staff. First children learn a simple code to help them read. Then they learn more complex sounds.
Fred the Frog
Fred is a frog puppet who says, reads and spells words in pure sounds; he never says the whole word so the children do this for him. He never adds ‘uh’ after a consonant sound e.g. fuh, luh (a slight ‘uh’ cannot be helped when saying the sounds b, g, d, j, w and y). Here you can find a video on the correct pronunciation of sounds.
Children are taught to ‘Fred’ talk words by sounding out and blending to read. m_a_t Children are taught to spell by hearing and saying sounds in a word before writing them down. We call this using ‘Fred’ fingers.
A grapheme is one letter or group of letters used to write one sound, e.g. the sound ‘f’ can be written with the grapheme f (fun), ff (huff) and ph (phone).