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Plant parts and their function

Most of Year 3 could label the different parts of the a plant. There are the roots, the stem, leaves and flowers. What we have learnt is that most of these parts of a plant have more than one function or purpose.



Roots are found at the base of plants and are important in anchoring (making plants stay) in the soil. This is why trees have such big roots (they can even lift up tarmac) as there is a lot of tree to anchor.


Roots are also important in absorbing (taking up) water and nutrients from the soil which are essential for the plant to grow.



Stems are important because they support the plant and its leaves. It is also important for the transport of water from the roots of a plant to the leaves.



These are very important because plants, unlike animals and humans, make their own food. This is called photosynthesis and requires sunlight, carbon dioxide from the air and water. As well as making food the plants also make oxygen which is released into the air we breathe. Thats why plants are so important to humans.



Flowers are very important because they attract insects which help pollinate other plants which results in them making seeds. These seeds are needed to make new plants and to continue the life cycle of plants.



Can you match the name of the parts of the plant in English and Spanish?


stem roots plant leaves flower
la flor la hoja el tallo la planta la raiz




Mrs R's practical parts of plants

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